MQTT vs ZeroMQ for IoT

MQTT is a client-server protocol created for the Internet of Things. The MQTT server, also known as a broker, enables the inspection and control of connected Azure IoT hub devices and messages and the provision of shared services such as retained messages. There are numerous client libraries and brokers available, free and open source, and commercially funded.

ZeroMQ, sometimes known as 0MQ, is primarily an open-source messaging framework, with Zero representing zero brokers, zero expense, and zero management. Although ZeroMQ defines a wire protocol, the API is the primary way to use it. An open-source community backs it. ZeroMQ was created as a technique for spreading messages to as many targets as feasible as soon as possible – one way and unreliably. It has evolved to give general communications features.

MQTT requires TCP/IP, but ZeroMQ can use a variety of transports, including UDP and shared memory. However, TCP/IP remains the primary transport utilized for inter-machine communication in ZeroMQ. The ZeroMQ API is similar to the TCP/IP socket API in that it supports multiple messaging modes, including request/reply, multicast distribution, publish/subscribe, and others. MQTT is primarily concerned with publish/subscribe (MQTT 5.0 also includes request/reply) and provides capabilities that would have to be constructed on top of ZeroMQ, such as dependable publish/subscribe communications.

What is MQTT?

MQTT is a communication protocol with features tailored exclusively to Azure IoT hub solutions:

  • TCP connections are used for reliability (guaranteed delivery and packet error checking), fragmentation, and ordering.
  • Attempts to reduce the data overhead of each MQTT transmission.
  • A device’s last known valid data value can be saved (retained messages).
  • Client state monitoring via notifications when the client unexpectedly disconnects (will message).
  • Bidirectional message flow – data from and orders to devices can be sent over the same TCP connection.
  • Publish subscribe routing enables the simple addition of extra data consumers and providers.

Connect, Subscribe, Publish, Unsubscribe, And Disconnect

These are the MQTT commands. Topics are the means via which clients can Publish and Subscribe. All messages published on a topic will be delivered to all authorized subscribers. Client applications can generate MQTT topics by simply publishing or subscribing to them; they do not need to be predefined.

What is ZeroMQ?

ZeroMQ is an application library created to distribute messages in an economic context as quickly as possible – price updates, notifications, etc. It was designed and continues to function primarily on a peer-to-peer basis, which means that any ZeroMQ node has access to the same capabilities as any other. A ZeroMQ application can still be asymmetrical, with one application serving as a publisher and the other as a subscriber. However, this is up to the apps and must be agreed upon. ZeroMQ provides an API that resembles TCP/IP sockets. To connect two programs, one uses zmq bind() to become a server on a well-known network address and port, and the other uses zmq connect() to connect to it (). Zmq socket() is used to construct the 0MQ sockets on which these APIs operate.

Stats comparison – MQTT & ZeroMQ

MQTT was created as a lightweight publish/subscribe messaging transport. It is beneficial for remote connections where a tiny code footprint is required, and network bandwidth is limited.

MQTT Statistics

  • Reddit Points
  • Stack Exchange 5.8K questions

The ZeroMQ lightweight messaging kernel is mainly a library that enhances standard socket interfaces with functionality previously only available from specialized messaging middleware vendors. 0MQ sockets abstract asynchronous message queues, different messaging patterns, message filtering (subscriptions), smooth access to numerous transport protocols, and other features.

ZeroMQ Statistics

  • 708 Hacker News Points
  • 853 Reddit Points
  • 2K Stack Overflow Questions
  • 1K GitHub Stars
  • 2K GitHub Forks
  • Last Commitment: 3y

Conclusion: MQTT vs. ZeroMQ – Which is better for IoT?

MQTT is significantly easier to start with than ZeroMQ because it was built for Azure IoT hub solutions. MQTT features such as dependability would have to be re-engineered in ZeroMQ, which would require a significant amount of time. MQTT cloud services and brokers are now accessible, making it much easier to construct IoT systems. ZeroMQ may be appropriate for an edge-of-network on-premises high-speed network that links to an MQTT broker for IoT services, but not as a standalone IoT solution.

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